Cleaning For Health

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References

We have grouped the references used into seven categories, Infection Control, Infection Transmission, Infectious Agents, Detergents & Disinfectants, Environmental Surfaces, Assessing Cleanliness and Cleaning Locations.

For some of these references we have provided the corresponding pdf document.

 

Infection Control

 

Dancer SJ. How do we assess hospital cleaning? A proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 56, 10–15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706265

PDF: How do we assess hospital cleaning?

 

Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499954

PDF: Hospital cleaning in the 21st century

 

Al-Hamad A, Maxwell S. How clean is clean? Proposed methods for hospital cleaning assessment. J Hosp Infect. 2008 Dec;70(4):328-34.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18848370

 

Curtis V, Schmidt W, Luby S, Florez R, Touré O, Biran A. Hygiene: new hopes, new horizons. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Apr;11(4):312-21.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21453872

PDF: Hygiene: new hopes, new horizons.

 

Dancer SJ. J Hosp Infect. The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection. 2009. Dec;73(4):378-85.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726106

PDF: The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection.

 

Dancer SJ. Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;8(2):101-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17974481

PDF:  Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition

 

Dancer SJ. Mopping up hospital infection. J Hosp Infect. 1999 Oct;43(2):85-100.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10549308

PDF: Mopping up hospital infection.

 

Anderson KL. Norovirus outbreak management in a resident-directed care environment. Geriatr Nurs. 2009 Sep-Oct;30(5):318-28.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19818267

 

Guidance on infection control in schools and other childcare settings.  Health Protection Agency. 2010.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947358374

 

Australian Government. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.  Australian aquatic veterinary emergency plan. Aquavetplan. Operational procedures manual decontamination version 1.0, 2008.

http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/617183/decontamination-manual.pdf

 

Infection prevention & Control Cleaning Manual & Room Specifications. Independent Contractors. NHS South East Essex. 2010.

PDF: http://www.see.nhs.uk/content/file/gp%20zone/ip&c/see%20cleaning%20manual.pdf

 

Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2003.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/eic_in_hcf_03.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency South West Community Infection Control Guidelines 2nd edition (2007)

PDF: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947417368

 

William A. Rutala, David J. Weber and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/disinfection_nov_2008.pdf

 

Jane D. Siegel, Emily Rhinehart, Marguerite Jackson, Linda Chiarello and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Multidrug-Resistant Organisms In Healthcare Settings, 2006.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/ar/mdroguideline2006.pdf

 

Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology postnote. Infection Control in Healthcare Settings. 2005. Number 247.

PDF: http://www.parliament.uk/documents/post/postpn247.pdf

 

Yamamoto T, Nishiyama A, Takano T, Yabe S, Higuchi W, Razvina O, Shi D. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: community transmission, pathogenesis, and drug resistance. J Infect Chemother. 2010 Aug;16(4):225-54.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20336341

PDF: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

 

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Infection Control. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections in primary and community care. 2003

PDF: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/10922/29119/29119.pdf

 

Management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections Federal Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2011.

PDF: http://www.bop.gov/news/PDFs/mrsa.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency: Guidance for the Management of Norovirus Infection in Cruise Ships. 2010.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1206520183347

PDF: Guidance for the Management of Norovirus Infection in Cruise Ships.

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. General Decontamination. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/general_decontamination_fact.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Food Cleanup. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/floodcleanup.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Fungi Hazards and Food Cleanup. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/Bulletin3.pdf

 

Andrej Trampuz, Rajesh M. Prabhu, Thomas F. Smith And Larry M. Baddour. Avian Influenza: A New Pandemic Threat? Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79:523-530

http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/content/79/4/523.full.pdf

 

Infection Transmission

 

Dancer SJ. How do we assess hospital cleaning? A proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 56, 10–15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706265

PDF: How do we assess hospital cleaning? 

 

Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499954

PDF: Hospital cleaning in the 21st century

 

Al-Hamad A, Maxwell S. How clean is clean? Proposed methods for hospital cleaning assessment. J Hosp Infect. 2008 Dec;70(4):328-34.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18848370

 

Curtis V, Schmidt W, Luby S, Florez R, Touré O, Biran A. Hygiene: new hopes, new horizons. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Apr;11(4):312-21.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21453872

PDF: Hygiene: new hopes, new horizons.

 

Dancer SJ. J Hosp Infect. The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection. 2009. Dec;73(4):378-85.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726106

PDF: The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection.

 

Scott E, Duty S, mccue K. A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria of medical interest on commonly touched household surfaces in relation to household demographics. Am J Infect Control. 2009 Aug;37(6):447-53.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19361887

 

Dancer SJ. Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;8(2):101-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17974481

PDF: Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition

 

Dancer SJ. Mopping up hospital infection. J Hosp Infect. 1999 Oct;43(2):85-100.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10549308

PDF: Mopping up hospital infection.

 

Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Justin Knox, Maureen Miller, Cory Hafer,Glenny Vasquez, Megan Ryan, Peter Vavagiakis, Qiuhu Shi, and Franklin D. Lowy.  The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus USA300: A Case-Control Study. Plos One. 2011; 6(7): e22407.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3144231/

PDF: The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus.

 

Infection prevention & Control Cleaning Manual & Room Specifications. Independent Contractors. NHS South East Essex. 2010.

PDF: http://www.see.nhs.uk/content/file/gp%20zone/ip&c/see%20cleaning%20manual.pdf

 

Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2003.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/eic_in_hcf_03.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency South West Community Infection Control Guidelines 2nd edition (2007)

PDF: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947417368

 

William A. Rutala, David J. Weber and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/disinfection_nov_2008.pdf

 

Jane D. Siegel, Emily Rhinehart, Marguerite Jackson, Linda Chiarello and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Multidrug-Resistant Organisms In Healthcare Settings, 2006.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/ar/mdroguideline2006.pdf

 

Yamamoto T, Nishiyama A, Takano T, Yabe S, Higuchi W, Razvina O, Shi D. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: community transmission, pathogenesis, and drug resistance. J Infect Chemother. 2010 Aug;16(4):225-54.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20336341

PDF: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

 

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Infection Control. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections in primary and community care. 2003

PDF: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/10922/29119/29119.pdf

 

Management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections Federal Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2011.

PDF: http://www.bop.gov/news/PDFs/mrsa.pdf

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report. Updated Norovirus Outbreak Management and Disease Prevention Guidelines. 2011.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6003.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. General Decontamination. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/general_decontamination_fact.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Food Cleanup. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/floodcleanup.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Fungi Hazards and Food Cleanup. 2005

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/Bulletin3.pdf

 

Andrej Trampuz, Rajesh M. Prabhu, Thomas F. Smith And Larry M. Baddour.  Avian Influenza: A New Pandemic Threat? Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79:523-530

PDF: http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/content/79/4/523.full.pdf

 

Infectious Agents

 

MRSA, Clostridium difficile, Acinetobacter, VRE, Influenza, E.coli, Norovirus:

Dancer SJ. How do we assess hospital cleaning? A proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 56, 10–15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706265

PDF: How do we assess hospital cleaning?

 

Dancer SJ. J Hosp Infect. The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection. 2009. Dec;73(4):378-85.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726106

PDF: The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection.

 

Dancer SJ. Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;8(2):101-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17974481

PDF: Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition

 

Dancer SJ. Mopping up hospital infection. J Hosp Infect. 1999 Oct;43(2):85-100.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10549308

PDF: Mopping up hospital infection.

 

Jane D. Siegel, Emily Rhinehart, Marguerite Jackson, Linda Chiarello and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Multidrug-Resistant Organisms In Healthcare Settings, 2006.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/ar/mdroguideline2006.pdf

 

MRSA, Clostridium difficile, Tuberculosis, VRE, Influenza, E.coli, SARS, Coxsackie virus, Coronavirus, Rotavirus:

Kramer A, Schwebke I, Kampf G. How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces? A systematic review. BMC Infect Dis. 2006 Aug 16;6:130.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16914034

PDF: How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces?

 

Clostridium difficile:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Information on Clostridium difficile Infection.

http://www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/cdiff/cdiff_infect.html

 

Cryptosporidium:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Recommendations for Aquatics Operators of Treated Venues. Hyperchlorination to kill Cryptosporidium. 2011.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/pdf/swimming/pools/hyperchlorination-to-kill-cryptosporidium.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency- Gastrointestinal infections – Cryptosporidium. 2010

http://www.hpa.org.uk/topics/infectiousdiseases/infectionsaz/travelhealth/epidemiologicaldata/gastrointestinalinfections/travcryptosporidium/

 

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. Division of Viral Diseases. Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease (HFMD).

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/enterovirus/hfhf.htm#8

 

MRSA:

Al-Hamad A, Maxwell S. How clean is clean? Proposed methods for hospital cleaning assessment. J Hosp Infect. 2008 Dec;70(4):328-34.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18848370

 

Scott E, Duty S, mccue K. A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria of medical interest on commonly touched household surfaces in relation to household demographics. Am J Infect Control. 2009 Aug;37(6):447-53.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19361887

PDF: A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

 

Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Justin Knox, Maureen Miller, Cory Hafer,Glenny Vasquez, Megan Ryan, Peter Vavagiakis, Qiuhu Shi, and Franklin D. Lowy. The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus USA300: A Case-Control Study. Plos One. 2011; 6(7): e22407.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3144231/

PDF: The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus.

 

Yamamoto T, Nishiyama A, Takano T, Yabe S, Higuchi W, Razvina O, Shi D. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: community transmission, pathogenesis, and drug resistance. J Infect Chemother. 2010 Aug;16(4):225-54.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20336341

PDF: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

 

Management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections Federal Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2011.

PDF: http://www.bop.gov/news/PDFs/mrsa.pdf

 

Norovirus:

Anderson KL. Norovirus outbreak management in a resident-directed care environment. Geriatr Nurs. 2009 Sep-Oct;30(5):318-28.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19818267

 

SJ Dancer. Norovirus: an established viral plague. J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2008; 38:314–6

http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/journal/issue/journal_38_4/dancer.pdf

PDF:  Norovirus: an established viral plague.

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Noroviruses. 2008

PDF: http://www.osha.gov/Publications/norovirus-factsheet.pdf

 

Hepatitis A Virus:

J N Mbithi, V S Springthorpe, and S A Sattar. Chemical disinfection of hepatitis A virus on environmental surfaces. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1990 November; 56(11): 3601–3604.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc185032/

 

Helicobacter pylori:

Health Protection Agency- Helicobacter pylori. 2009.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpaweb&hpawebstandard/hpaweb_c/1195733787873

 

Rotavirus:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Rotavirus.

http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/index.html

 

Tuberculosis:

Health Protection Agency- Tuberculosis (TB).

http://www.hpa.org.uk/topics/infectiousdiseases/infectionsaz/tuberculosis/

 

World Health Organization: Media Centre. Tuberculosis- Fact sheet N°104. November 2010.

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs104/en/

 

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Clinical guideline 117. Tuberculosis: Clinical diagnosis and management of tuberculosis, and measures for its prevention and control. Developed by the National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions and the Centre for Clinical Practice at NICE March 2011

PDF: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13422/53642/53642.pdf

 

Aspergillosis and other fungi:

National Guidelines for the Prevention of Nosocomial Invasive Aspergillosis During Construction/Renovation Activities. National Disease Surveillance Centre 2002. ISBN 0-9540177-3-0.

PDF: http://www.hpsc.ie/hpsc/a-z/respiratory/aspergillosis/guidance/file,896,en.pdf

 

The Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust. Infection Control Guidelines. Guideline No.1. Control and Prevention of Aspergillosis and other Invasive Fungal Infections during Building Work. 2002.

PDF: http://www.leedsth.nhs.uk/sites/infection_control/documents/aspergillusaugust07.pdf

 

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Factsheet. Fungi Hazards and Food Cleanup. 2005

http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/Bulletin3.pdf

 

SARS:

World Health Organization: Global Alert and Response (GAR). First data on stability and resistance of SARS coronavirus compiled by members of WHO laboratory network.

http://www.who.int/csr/sars/survival_2003_05_04/en/index.html

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Information.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/

 

Acinetobacter:

Health Protection Agency. Infectious Diseases. Acinetobacter species.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/topics/infectiousdiseases/infectionsaz/acinetobacter/

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Diseases and Organisms. Acinetobacter.

http://www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/acinetobacter.html

 

What is Multi-resistant Acinetobacter (MRAB)? Patient Information Leaflet. Buckinghamshire Hospitals NHS Trust.

PDF: http://www.buckshealthcare.nhs.uk/downloads/patient-leaflets-infection-control/mrab%20pt%20info%20leaflet%20-%20mar%2010.pdf

 

Salmonella:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Salmonella

http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/index.html

 

Waterborne Diseases:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Water-related Hygiene. Hygiene-related Diseases. 2009.

http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/hygiene/disease/athletes_foot.html

 

Ringworm:

National Health Service. Choices. Health A-Z. Ringworm. 2010.

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ringworm/pages/introduction.aspx

 

Influenza:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Seasonal Influenza: Flu Basics. 2011.

http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/

 

Community Strategy for Pandemic Influenza Mitigation. February 2007.

http://www.flu.gov/professional/community/commitigation.html

 

Andrej Trampuz, Rajesh M. Prabhu, Thomas F. Smith And Larry M. Baddour. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79:523-530. Avian Influenza: A New Pandemic Threat?

PDF: http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/content/79/4/523.full.pdf

 

All Prevalent Disease-Causing Microbes in Community Settings:

William A. Rutala, David J. Weber and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/disinfection_nov_2008.pdf

 

Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2003.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/eic_in_hcf_03.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency South West Community Infection Control Guidelines 2nd edition (2007)

PDF: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947417368

 

Detergents & Disinfectants

 

Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499954

PDF: Hospital cleaning in the 21st century

 

Kim PJ, Cederberg RA, Puttaiah R.   A pilot study of 2 methods for control of dental unit biofilms. Quintessence Int. 2000 Jan;31(1):41-8.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11203905

 

Norwood DE, Gilmour A. The growth and resistance to sodium hypochlorite of Listeria monocytogenes in a steady-state multispecies biofilm. J Appl Microbiol. 2000 Mar;88(3):512-20.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10747232

PDF: The growth and resistance to sodium hypochlorite of Listeria monocytogenes

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Disinfectants and Antiseptics.

http://www.icm.tn.gov.in/drug%20formulary/DISINFECTANTS%20&%20ANTISEPTICS(13).htm

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Database of Hazardous Materials

http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/

 

Australian Government. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Australian aquatic veterinary emergency plan. Aquavetplan. Operational procedures manual decontamination version 1.0, 2008.

PDF: http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/617183/decontamination-manual.pdf

 

Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2003.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/eic_in_hcf_03.pdf

 

William A. Rutala, David J. Weber and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/disinfection_nov_2008.pdf

 

J N Mbithi, V S Springthorpe, and S A Sattar. Chemical disinfection of hepatitis A virus on environmental surfaces. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1990 November; 56(11): 3601–3604.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc185032/

 

Patel SS, Pevalin DJ, Prosser R, Couchman A. Comparison of detergent-based cleaning, disinfectant-based cleaning, and detergent-based cleaning after enhanced domestic staff training within a source isolation facility. British Journal of Infection Control 2007 8: 20

http://bji.sagepub.com/content/8/3/20.short

PDF: Comparison of detergent-based cleaning, disinfectant-based cleaning, and detergent-based cleaning

 

Departments for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Sustainable Cleaning. A guide for users of professional cleaning products. 2008.

PDF: http://www.ukcpi.org/documents/Sustainable_Cleaning.pdf

 

Deza MA, Araujo M, Garrido MJ. Inactivation of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus on stainless steel and glass surfaces by neutral electrolysed water. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2005;40(5):341-6.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15836736

PDF: Inactivation of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus

 

Surface Disinfectants and label claims: Realistically can contact times be met to achieve antimicrobial efficacy? CJIC 2008;23:49

http://www.viroxtech.com/download.aspx?ItemInfoID=341

PDF: Surface Disinfectants and label claims

 

Health Protection Agency. Sodium hypochlorite- General Information. 2007. Version 1.

PDF: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1194947350070

 

Kim PJ, Cederberg RA, Puttaiah R. Baylor.  A pilot study of methods for control of dental unit biofilms. Quintessence Int. 2000 Jan;31(1):41-8.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11203905

 

D.E. Norwood and A. Gilmour. The growth and resistance to sodium hypochlorite of Listeria monocytogenes in a steady-state multispecies biofilm. Journal of Applied Microbiology 2000, 88, 512–520

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10747232

PDF: The growth and resistance to sodium hypochlorite of Listeria monocytogenes

 

Chemical Cleaners: The EPA had compiled lists of registered antimicrobial products effective against certain blood borne/body fluid pathogens:

The EPA registered products:

List A: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products as Sterilizers (PDF)

List B: EPA Registered Tuberculocide Products Effective Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PDF)

List C: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Human HIV-1 Virus (PDF)

List D: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Human HIV-1 and Hepatitis B Virus (PDF)

List E: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis Human HIV-1 and Hepatitis B Virus (PDF)

List F: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Hepatitis C Virus (PDF)

List G: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Norovirus (PDF)

List H: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products Effective Against Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus faecalis or faecium (VRE) (PDF)

List J: EPA’s Registered Antimicrobial Products for Medical Waste Treatment (PDF)

 

Environmental Surfaces

 

Scott E, Duty S, mccue K. A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria of medical interest on commonly touched household surfaces in relation to household demographics. Am J Infect Control. 2009 Aug;37(6):447-53.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19361887

PDF: A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

 

Dancer SJ. Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;8(2):101-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17974481

PDF: Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition

 

Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Justin Knox, Maureen Miller, Cory Hafer,Glenny Vasquez, Megan Ryan, Peter Vavagiakis, Qiuhu Shi, and Franklin D. Lowy.  The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus USA300: A Case-Control Study. Plos One. 2011; 6(7): e22407.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3144231/

PDF: The Environment as an Unrecognized Reservoir for Community-Associated Methicillin resistantstaphylococcus aureus.

 

Infection prevention & Control Cleaning Manual & Room Specifications. Independent Contractors. NHS South East Essex. 2010.

PDF: http://www.see.nhs.uk/content/file/gp%20zone/ip&c/see%20cleaning%20manual.pdf

 

Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2003.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/eic_in_hcf_03.pdf

 

Health Protection Agency South West Community Infection Control Guidelines 2nd edition (2007)

PDF: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947417368

 

William A. Rutala, David J. Weber and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/disinfection_nov_2008.pdf

 

Troko J, Myles P, Gibson J, Hashim A, Enstone J, Kingdon S, Packham C, Amin S, Hayward A, Nguyen Van-Tam J. Is public transport a risk factor for acute respiratory infection? BMC Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21235795

PDF: Is public transport a risk factor for acute respiratory infection?

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Interim Guidance for Cruise Ships during the 2009-10 Influenza Season. 2010.

http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance/cruiseships.htm

 

Dr. Eugene Cole. Cleaning and Special Environments. 2011.

http://www.ciriscience.org/a_290-cleaning_and_special_environments

 

Frequent Hand-Touch Sites:

 

Dancer SJ. How do we assess hospital cleaning? A proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 56, 10–15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706265

PDF: How do we assess hospital cleaning?

 

Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499954

PDF: Hospital cleaning in the 21st century

 

Dancer SJ. J Hosp Infect. The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection. 2009. Dec;73(4):378-85.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726106

PDF: The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection.

 

Jane D. Siegel, Emily Rhinehart, Marguerite Jackson, Linda Chiarello and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Multidrug-Resistant Organisms In Healthcare Settings, 2006.

PDF: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/ar/mdroguideline2006.pdf

 

Assessing Cleanliness

 

Dancer SJ. How do we assess hospital cleaning? A proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 56, 10–15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706265

PDF: How do we assess hospital cleaning?

 

Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499954

PDF: Hospital cleaning in the 21st century

 

Al-Hamad A, Maxwell S. How clean is clean? Proposed methods for hospital cleaning assessment. J Hosp Infect. 2008 Dec;70(4):328-34.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18848370

 

Dancer SJ. J Hosp Infect. The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection. 2009. Dec;73(4):378-85.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19726106

PDF: The role of environmental cleaning in the control of hospital-acquired infection.

 

Scott E, Duty S, mccue K. A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria of medical interest on commonly touched household surfaces in relation to household demographics. Am J Infect Control. 2009 Aug;37(6):447-53.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19361887

PDF: A critical evaluation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

 

Dancer SJ. Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Feb;8(2):101-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17974481

PDF: Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition

 

Anderson RE, Young V, Stewart M, Robertson C, Dancer SJ. Cleanliness audit of clinical surfaces and equipment: who cleans what? J Hosp Infect. 2011 Jul;78(3):178-81.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21497943

PDF: Cleanliness audit of clinical surfaces and equipment

 

Health and Safety Executive. COSHH Essentials. Exposure Measurement: Air Sampling. 2006.

PDF: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/guidance/g409.pdf

 

Cleaning Locations

 

Guidance on infection control in schools and other childcare settings.  Health Protection Agency. 2010.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/hpawebfile/hpaweb_c/1194947358374

 

Dancer SJ. Norovirus: an established viral plague. J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2008; 38:314–6

PDF: http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/journal/issue/journal_38_4/dancer.pdf

 

Troko J, Myles P, Gibson J, Hashim A, Enstone J, Kingdon S, Packham C, Amin S, Hayward A, Nguyen Van-Tam J. Is public transport a risk factor for acute respiratory infection? BMC Infect Dis. 2011.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21235795

PDF: Is public transport a risk factor for acute respiratory infection?

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Interim Guidance for Cruise Ships during the 2009-10 Influenza Season. 2010.

http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance/cruiseships.htm

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : Interim Guidance for Management of Influenza-Like Illness aboard Commercial Aircraft during the 2009-10 Influenza Season.2009.

http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance/air-crew-dom-intl.htm

 

Dr. Eugene Cole. Cleaning and Special Environments. 2011.

http://www.ciriscience.org/a_290-cleaning_and_special_environments

 

China.org.cn. Advice for Public Transport Operators

http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/sars/63444.htm

 

China.org.cn. Advice for the Users of Public Transport

http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/sars/63446.htm

 

Health Protection Agency: Guidance for the Management of Norovirus Infection in Cruise Ships. 2010.

http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1206520183347

PDF: Guidance for the Management of Norovirus Infection in Cruise Ships.

 

Management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections Federal Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2011.

PDF: http://www.bop.gov/news/PDFs/mrsa.pdf